Ha Noi

Location Presentation


- Ha Noi is the capital of the Social Republic of Viet Nam

- Ha Noi is located in the center of Hong River Delta, surrounded by 8 provinces and cities.

- Ha Noi is one of 17 largest capital cities over the world same as Paris, London, Tokyo, Beijing and so on.




Google Map






Geographical location:


Hanoi is located in the Red River Delta, borders Thai Nguyen, Vinh Phuc provinces to the North; Ha Nam, Hoa Binh provinces to the South; Bac Giang, Bac Ninh, Hung Yen provinces to the East; and Hoa Binh, Phu Tho provinces to the West.
Hanoi lies on the right bank of Da River and 2 sides of Red River; the location and terrain are favorable for a political, economic, cultural, social and important traffic hub of Vietnam.

Area: 3345.0 km ²; Hanoi consists of 10 districts, 1 town and 18 suburb districts.



 After the expansion of administrative boundary, Ha Noi has more than 6 million people. The average population density is 2,881 people per km2 (average density ininner district is19,163 people per km2, speciallyin Hoan Kiem districtis37,265 people per km2, and 1,721 people per km2 in the suburbs). The number of people in working age is 3.2 million.However, the city still lacks workers with high qualifications. Many university graduates still have to undergo trainingagain. The structure and quality of the labor has not matchedthe structure of economic sectors.


FDI attraction:

As of 2013, Hanoi had 2677 foreign investment projects with total registered capital of USD22.278 billion, ranking 3rd in the country. In 2013, Hanoi issued new investment certificate for 231 projects with total newly registered capital of USD514.18 million. The number of projects with capital increasewas 76 with newly registered capital of USD511.73 million. Therefore, in 2013, Hanoi attracted USD1,026 billion from FDI projects, ranking 8th and making up 4.7% of total FDI volume in the country.

As a consequence of economy crisis, FDI of Hanoi at the end of 2013 was 87.2% compared to the plan setat the beginning of 2013 of USD1.3 billion. However, the attracting and using of FDI of the city is predicted to be more positive because Hanoi has approved social – economic plan at the district, sector and field level, by which the general city plan matches well with plans of other towns and satelite cities. Besides, Hanoi Capital has completed project “Enhancing FDI attraction of Japan invesmentto Hanoi Capital from 2013 – 2015 and the consequent years”.This will be favourable opportunities for the Capital to attract Japanese FDI.


Infrastructure system:

Hanoi is located in the center of the north Vietnam, connecting and facilitating traffic between Hanoi and other provinces ofVietnam, including air, road, rail and waterways.

Apart from Noi Bai International Airport being 35km far fromthe center, the city also has Gia Lam airport in the east of Long Bien district. It used to bethe main airport of Hanoi in the 1970s. Currently GiaLam airport only serves service flights of helicopter, including tourism services. Hanoi is the traffic hub of 5 railway lines in the country and a transport route to Beijing (China), to many countries in Europe. The southern bus station of Gia Lam, Luong Yen, Nuoc Ngam, My Dinhare where the intercity passenger coachesgo all around the country via the National Highway 1A from North to South; Highway 2 to Vinh Phuc, Phu Tho, Tuyen Quang, Ha Giang; Highway 3 to Thai Nguyen, Cao Bang; Highway 5A to Hai Phong ,Quang Ninh; Highway 6 to Hoa Binh, Son La, Lai Chau and Highway 32 to Son Tay, Phu Tho. In terms of waterway transportation: Hanoi is also an important transportation hub with Pha Den ferryto Hung Yen, Nam Dinh, Thai Binh, Viet Tri and  Ham Tu Quan ferry to Pha Lai.


Potential for development:

Hanoi is considered the national economic centre, featuring both antique and modern beauty and attracting a large number of foreign tourists. Thanks to its favourable geographical location and fairly developed infrastructure, Hanoi has always been one of the leading localities in socio-economic development in the country.  It is also the home of 1,600 foreign representative offices, 19 industrial parks and 16,000 industrial production establishments. Beside state-owned enterprises, private companies play an important role in Hanoi’s economic development. After the expansion of administrative boundery, Hanoi now has 3.2 million people in the working age.


Orientation of investment attraction:

- The high-tech industry, supporting industries.

- High quality and great value–addedservices.

- The agro - forestry – fisheries processing production; biotechnology;

- Synchronous and modern development of urban infrastructure.

- Development of new urban areas.

- Environmental Protection.

- Research and application of new science and technology


The economic zones and industrial parks in Ha Noi Capital:

According to Hanoi’s General Development Plan up to 2030, with vision to 2050, Hanoi will have 33 industrial parks (IPs) and hi-tech parks (HTPs). Currently, Hanoi has 19 IPs and HTPs which were either approved for establishment by the Prime Minister or entered the national planning list of IPs until 2015, including:

-Hoa Lac Hi-tech Park: administered by Ministry of Science and Technology;

-Hanoi PPC (Hanoi Authority for IPs and Export processing zone) performs direct administration over 18 IPs and HTPs, as followings:

+ 08 operating IPs (occupancy rate: 95%):

Total area: 1236 hectares (Thang Long IP: 274 ha; Noi Bai IP: 114 ha; Nam Thang Long IP: 30.4 ha; Hanoi-Dai Tu IP: 40 ha; Sai Dong B IP: 47.3 ha; Thach That-Wuoc Oai IP: 155 ha; Phu Nghia IP: 170 ha; Quang Minh 1 IP: 407 ha)

+ 05 IPs were approved for establishment and are under construction process:

Total area: 1265 ha (South Hanoi IP: 440 ha; Phung Hiep IP: 174 ha; Kim Hoa IP: 45.5 ha; Quang Minh 2 IP: 266 ha; Soc Son IP: 340 ha)

+ 05 IPs in the list of National IPs until 2020: these IPs are under planning process.

Toatal area: 1468 ha (Hanoi Hi-tech biology IP:200 ha; North Thuong Tin IP: 430 ha; Dong Anh IP: 300 ha; South Phu Cat IP: 500 ha; Hanoi information technology park: 38 ha).



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