Hai Phong

Location Presentation


- Hai Phong is the key location in economy, society, IT and security of the northern region and nation. It is also an important economic corridor between Viet Nam and China.


- Hai Phong is a key transportation hub of the Northern coast; Sea transport is very developed with the advantage of deep water port.


- Hai Phong is one of three growth key point of the focal economic triangle in the north which consists of Ha Noi, Hai Phong and Quang Ninh.




Google Map






Geographic location:


Hai Phong city lies in the North–East sea region of Vietnam, 120km away from Hanoi. Hai Phong is the third largest city of Vietnam, and owns the biggest seaport of the North region. With natural area of 1,519 km2 including 2 islands, Cat Hai and Bach Long Vi, Hai Phong stays in the Red River Delta region with average height of 0.7 – 1.7m above sea level.




The total area of Hai Phong city is 1,519 km2, including island districts (Cat Hai and Bach Long Vi). Hills and mountains account for 15% of the area, mainly distributed in the northso that the northern terrain has shape and geological structure of the midland with plains being alternatedby hills; there is a relatively low and flat terrain in the southwithcharacteristics of plains, lying on the height of 0.7m - 1.7 m above sea level and declining to the sea,.




Hai Phong today consists of 15 administrative units allocated in 7urban districts (Hong Bang, Le Chan, Ngo Quyen, Kien An, Hai An, Son, Duong Kinh) and8 suburb districts (An Duong, An Lao, Bach Long Vi, Cat Hai, Kien Thuy, Tien Lang, Thuy Nguyen, Vinh Bao). The city's population is over 1,837 million, of which the urban population is over 847,000 and rural population is over 990,000 (according to the 2009 census). The population density is 1,207 persons per km2.


Socio-economic situation:


Gross domestic product (GDP) is estimated to increase by 7.0%, in particular: agriculture-forestry-fisheries groupis estimated to increase 3.83%, industry- construction group 6.13% and service 8.3% increase over the same period the previous year.

Industrial Production: The index of industrial production (IIP) of 2013 increased 4.9 % over the same period the previous year. 20/38  4th-gradeeconomic sectorswitnessed growth year-on-year (Y/Y), while 9 sectors increased over 15% such as a specialized machinery manufacture (108.97%), production of concrete and cement products (+112.2 %), fiber production (+49.43%), civil electric appliances manufacturing (+38.19%), production of wires and cables (+28.68 %). 18/38 sectors decreased over the same period, in which iron and steel production decreased 13.83 %, shipbuilding and ship repair fell 33.79 %, manufacture of electrical equipment went down 28.54 %.

Commerce and services: Total retail sales of goods and consumer services within 12 months increased by 12.82 % over the same period, reaching 68.3% of the year plan.

Import-export: Total export value of 2013 was estimated to raise 14.27 % Y/Y, equal to 69.1 % of the year plan. Total import turnover was estimated to be up by 14.89 %Y/Y, equal to 67.6 % of the year plan.


FDI attraction:


As of 2013, Hai Phong had 396 foreign investment projects with total registered capital of USD9,858.07 million, ranking 8th in the country. In 2013, Hai Phong issued new investment certificates for 27 projects with total newly registered capital of USD1,843.63 million. There were 34 capital-growth projects with newly registered capital of USD768.94 million. So, in 2013, Hai Phong attracted USD2612.56 million of FDI, ranking 3rd and making up 12.1% of the country’s FDI capital.


Infrastructure system:


Air transport: Haiphong has a civil airport and the Cat Bi international airport. In the development planning until 2015 (with vision to 2025) approved by the Government, Cat Bi airport will be upgraded to meet the demand on passenger and cargo transport to this port city. The airport is expected to become a major international airport in the North in particular and of the whole country in general in the coming years.

Seaport system: The Haiphong national seaport complex, the largest in the North and second-largest in Vietnam, is the country’s international gateway. Haiphong port is located on a marine transport route, connecting Singapore with Hongkong and other seaports in the Eastern and Northeastern Asia. In the Vietnam’s seaport development planning until 2020, with vision to 2030, Haiphong port will be upgraded and developed as a national port complex, an international gateway of grade 1A, in which Lach Huyen port is of great importance. This project is also included in the List of essential infrastructure projects to be developed until 2020. The project will be constructed from the south of Lach Huyen sea-mouth (Cửa Lạch Huyện) in Cat Hai island district, Haiphong city, along the sea passage leading to the existing port as fas as the natural depth of 3.0m. The total length of the port is approx. 8,000 meters, of the sea passage is 18km and the depth of sea passage is -14m. The Haiphong International Gateway Seaport will have synchronous infrastructure and modern cargo-handling equipment to receive container ships of 4,000-6,000 TEU, and even of 8,000 TEU (equivalent to ships of 100,000 DWT operating far offshore).

Rail System: Hai Phong has a railroad between Hanoi - Hai Phong,used for transporting passengers and cargo. This 102km-long railroad running in parallel with Highway #5 through Hai Phong city, Hai Duong and Hung Yen provinces will be upgraded and electrified.

Road network: Hai Phong is linked with other cities and provinces by such key roads as: Highway 5, National Road 10, National Road 37,Hanoi - Hai Phong Highway, Quang Ninh - Hai Phong - Ninh Binh coastalHighway.


Potential for development:


Minerals: Thanks to its geological history and geography, Hai Phong has many resources and potentials, such as: iron mine in Duong Quan (Thuy Nguyen), zinc mine in Cat Ba (although small reserves); placers along sea (Cat Hai and Tien Lang); kaolin mine in Doan Lai (Thuy Nguyen), clay mines in Tien Hoi, Chien Thang (Tien Lang). Limestone is mainly distributed in Cat Ba, Trang Kenh, Phi Liet, Pha Dun, mineral water at Bach Dang (Tien Lang). Salt and sand are two important resources of Hai Phong, concentrated mainly in mid-river area and on the beach of the districts of Cat Hai, Tien Lang, Bao Vinh, Kien Thuy, DoSon.

Marine resource: Marine resource is one of the precious resources of Hai Phong with nearly 1,000 species of shrimp, fish and dozens of species of seaweed which have high economic value such as spiny lobsters, prawns, crab, turtle, oysters, dolphins, pearls, snout otter, abalone...These seafood are preferred by the world market. Hai Phong has many fishing grounds. Thelargest onesare located around the island of Bach Long Vi with big and stable reserves. The islandand coastal tidal areas of 12,000 ha wide are suitable places for exploitation andcultivation of saltwater and brackish water fish.

Forest resource: Hai Phong has over 57,000 hectares of arable land, formed from alluvial of Thai Binhriver systemandit is located near the coasts. Forest resources of Haiphong is rich and diversewith saltwater forests, timber forest, fruit trees, bamboo, rattan... especially virgin forests of Cat Ba with diversity and abundancevegetation, including many herbs, rare animals, especially the Delacour's Langur –the world’s endangered animals now only seen in Cat Ba island.


Economic zones and industrial parks in the city:


Do Son – Hai Phong Industrial Park: has a total area of 150 ha (Phase I), of which 100 ha for industrial park, 50 hectares forurban area. This is the only IP in the North Vietnam that attracted FDIfrom Hong Kong. Land leasing term of the IP: until 2047.

Nomura- Hai Phong Industrial Park: was establishedin December 23, 1994 with an area of 153 hectares, in which 123 hectares are for industrial production. Infrastructure facilitieshave been constructedmodernly and synchronously. Rate of land occupancy: over 90%. This IP has become one of the successful industrial parksin the country.

Nam Cau KenIndustrial Park: was developed from the shipbuilding industrial cluster, invested by ShinecShipbuilding Joint Stock Company, Phase I with 263 ha scale, total investment of VND800 billion.

Trang Due Industrial Cluster: was developed on the areas of communes of Le Loi, Hong Phong, Bac Son and Quoc Tuan(An Duong district). Trang Due IC has a total area of over 349 hectares, divided into 2 zones: Zone A with an area of 192.5 ha, Zone B of 143.8 ha, and 12.9 ha of landis allocated fortraffic purpose.

Trang Due Industrial cluster is a multi-sector cluster forsuch industries as: manufactureof production tools, consumer goods; agricultural and animal feed processing; transportation services, warehousing as well as residential areas to serve the industrial enterprises.

Dinh Vu Industrial Zone (DVIZ): is managed and developed by Dinh Vu Development Joint Venture Company. This Joint Venture is a partnership of sustainability, combining the power of AIG of American and IPEM of Belgian and Hai Phong City to develop the Dinh Vupeninsula into amodern integrated industrial centre on an area of 945 ha.


Nam Đình Vũ (South Dinh Vu) non-tariff, seaport and industrial zone :


- Area: 1,329 ha

- Functional zones:

+ Seaport and port logistics area: 171 ha

+ Petrol and petrol products port area: 31 ha

+ Non-tariff area: 210 ha

+ Industrial park: 917 ha

- Advantages of the iIndustrial Zone:

+ Located 12km from Haiphong city centre, 8km from Cát Bi international airport, on Tân Vũ - Lạch Huyện Road; directly connected to Hanoi – Haiphong Highway via Tân Vũ - Lạch Huyện Road.

+ Investors will be fully assisted in investment procedures.


Hải Thành Industrial Cluster (IC):


- Area: 12 ha

+ Office and worker residential area: 1.8 ha

+ Constructed workshops area: 10.5 ha

- Advantages of Hải Thành IC:

+ Located next to the traffic intersection between provincial Road #353 and Hanoi – Haiphong Highway, contiguous to Lạch Tray river; quite convenient for transportation;

+ (km away from Haiphong seaport; 14km from Cát Bi airport; 11km from the city centre; 95km from Hanoi Caspital;

- Standard workshops are constructed in a modernly planned space which is civilized and friendly with environment.

- Available infrastructure facilities include: electricity supply, water supply, waste and waste water treatment plants, among others.



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